Downregulation of gelsolin and retinoic acid receptor β expression in gastric cancer tissues through histone deacetylase 1

Jin Hyun Kim, Yang Kyu Choi, Ho Jeong Kwon, Han Kwang Yang, Jae Hoon Choi, Dae Yong Kim

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Abstract

Background and Aim: Overexpression of histone deacetylase (HDAC)1, which controls the expression of genes related to cell cycle and apoptosis, has recently been reported in gastric cancer (GC) tissues. In the present study, the pattern of gelsolin and retinoic acid receptor (RAR)β expression in GC tissues showing HDAC1 overexpression was investigated. Methods: Expression profiles of HDAC1, gelsolin, and RARβ were evaluated and compared using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, immunoblotting, and immunohistochemical analyses with 22 paired primary human GC tissues and corresponding normal tissues. Results: Compared with normal gastric tissue, increased expression of HDAC1 mRNA and protein was detected in 17 (77.3%) of 22 GC tissues, while decreased expressions of gelsolin mRNA and protein were shown in 15 (68.1%) samples. Concomitantly, expressions of RARβ mRNA and protein were decreased in 16 (72.7%) and 17 (77.3%), respectively. Among 17 GC tissues with increased HDAC1 expression, the expressions of gelsolin and RARβ were simultaneously decreased in 14 (82.4%) and 15 (88.2%) GC tissues, which indicates a strong inverse correlation between HDAC1 and gelsolin/ RARβ expressions. Correlation between HDAC1 and gelsolin/RARβ was also confirmed by immunohistochemistry. Conclusions: Taken together, the results of the present study reveal that silencing of gelsolin and RARβ occurs in GC tissues probably through HDAC1 overexpression and might play some role in gastric carcinogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-224
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Feb

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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