Drift design methods based on resizing algorithms are presented to control lateral displacements of steel-frame shear-wall systems for tall buildings. Three algorithms for resizing of structural members of the steel-frame shear-wall systems are derived by formulating the drift design process into an optimization problem that minimizes lateral displacement of the system without changing the weight of a structure. During the drift design process, cost-effective displacement participation factors obtained by the energy method are used to determine the amount of material to be modified instead of calculating sensitivity coefficients. The overall structural design model with the drift design method for the steel-frame shear-wall systems is proposed and applied to the structural design of three examples. As demonstrated in the examples, the lateral displacement and interstorey drift of a frame shear-wall system can be effectively designed by the drift design method without the time-consuming trial-and-error process.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction