Image-to-image translation aims to learn the mapping between two visual domains. There are two main challenges for this task: (1) lack of aligned training pairs and (2) multiple possible outputs from a single input image. In this work, we present an approach based on disentangled representation for generating diverse outputs without paired training images. To synthesize diverse outputs, we propose to embed images onto two spaces: a domain-invariant content space capturing shared information across domains and a domain-specific attribute space. Our model takes the encoded content features extracted from a given input and attribute vectors sampled from the attribute space to synthesize diverse outputs at test time. To handle unpaired training data, we introduce a cross-cycle consistency loss based on disentangled representations. Qualitative results show that our model can generate diverse and realistic images on a wide range of tasks without paired training data. For quantitative evaluations, we measure realism with user study and Fréchet inception distance, and measure diversity with the perceptual distance metric, Jensen–Shannon divergence, and number of statistically-different bins.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work is supported in part by the NSF CAREER Grant #1149783, the NSF Grant #1755785, and gifts from Verisk, Adobe and Google.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
- Artificial Intelligence