Background: Drug repurposing has been motivated to ameliorate low probability of success in drug discovery. For the recent decade, many in silico attempts have received primary attention as a first step to alleviate the high cost and longevity. Such study has taken benefits of abundance, variety, and easy accessibility of pharmaceutical and biomedical data. Utilizing the research friendly environment, in this study, we propose a network-based machine learning algorithm for drug repurposing. Particularly, we show a framework on how to construct a drug network, and how to strengthen the network by employing multiple/heterogeneous types of data. Results: The proposed method consists of three steps. First, we construct a drug network from drug-target protein information. Then, the drug network is reinforced by utilizing drug-drug interaction knowledge on bioactivity and/or medication from literature databases. Through the enhancement, the number of connected nodes and the number of edges between them become more abundant and informative, which can lead to a higher probability of success of in silico drug repurposing. The enhanced network recommends candidate drugs for repurposing through drug scoring. The scoring process utilizes graph-based semi-supervised learning to determine the priority of recommendations. Conclusions: The drug network is reinforced in terms of the coverage and connections of drugs: the drug coverage increases from 4738 to 5442, and the drug-drug associations as well from 808,752 to 982,361. Along with the network enhancement, drug recommendation becomes more reliable: AUC of 0.89 was achieved lifted from 0.79. For typical cases, 11 recommended drugs were shown for vascular dementia: amantadine, conotoxin GV, tenocyclidine, cycloeucine, etc.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Publication of this article was funded by the National Research Foundation of Korea (2017R1E1A1A0307034) and Ajou University research fund.
HJS would like to gratefully acknowledge support from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (2018R1D1A1B07043524), and the Ajou University research fund. JHS s would like to gratefully acknowledge support from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (2017R1E1A1A03070345).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications
- Applied Mathematics