This research explores the production of low-moisture, high-rank coal using a batch-type, laboratory-scale, circulating fluidized bed to dry low-rank Indonesian coal with a high moisture content of 35 wt%. The operation was performed using air as a fluidization gas in a riser (a 4-m-tall pipe with an inner diameter of 0.04 m) at a gas velocity ranging from 2.0 to 2.7 m/s and a riser temperature of 80 to 150°C. The electric heaters were installed in the upper part of a downcomer to prevent the condensation of the evaporated moist- ure. The drying rate of the coal was investigated in terms of the inlet gas temperature, the gas velocity, and the drying time in order to determine the optimum operating conditions. Changes in the moist- ure content of the coal, before and after the experiments, were char- acterized by a proximate analysis, an ultimate analysis, the higher heating value (HHV), the lower heating value (LHV), a particle size analysis, and by the equilibrium moisture content. The results show that 70 to 80 wt% (wet basis, wb) of the total moisture can be reduced when the gas velocity of the riser is 2.0 m/s and the gas temperature is 150°C. In experiments, a simple mathematical model based on the heat and mass balances and a thin-layer drying model were simul- taneously used to predict the drying behavior of coal under the given operating conditions. The results of the model are similar to those of the experiment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry