DSMC (direct simulation Monte Carlo) analysis of microchannel flow with gas-liquid boundary

Dong Hun Ryu, Jinho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

High heat capacity and constant operation temperature make a 2-phase heat remover tool promising for solving high heat dissipation problems in MEMS devices. However, microscale analysis of the flow with the conventional Navier-Stokes equation is inadequate, because the non-continuum effect is important when the characteristic dimension is comparable to the local mean free path. DSMC is a direct, particle-based numerical simulation method that uses no continuum assumption. In this paper, the gas-liquid boundary effects in microchannel flow are studied using this method. Modified DSMC code is used to simulate low-speed flow - under which viscous heating produces no significant temperature change - and MD results are incorporated into the DSMC boundary condition. Steady Couette flow simulation results show that the gas-liquid boundary affects the density distribution and the temperature dependence of the slip velocity. Unsteady simulation results show that mass transfer by diffusion is faster than momentum transfer by collision.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-620
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics
Volume20
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Oct 1

Fingerprint

microchannels
Microchannels
Liquids
liquids
Gases
gases
Momentum transfer
simulation
Flow simulation
Steady flow
Heat losses
Temperature
Navier Stokes equations
Specific heat
MEMS
Mass transfer
Boundary conditions
Heating
Couette flow
Computer simulation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computational Mechanics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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abstract = "High heat capacity and constant operation temperature make a 2-phase heat remover tool promising for solving high heat dissipation problems in MEMS devices. However, microscale analysis of the flow with the conventional Navier-Stokes equation is inadequate, because the non-continuum effect is important when the characteristic dimension is comparable to the local mean free path. DSMC is a direct, particle-based numerical simulation method that uses no continuum assumption. In this paper, the gas-liquid boundary effects in microchannel flow are studied using this method. Modified DSMC code is used to simulate low-speed flow - under which viscous heating produces no significant temperature change - and MD results are incorporated into the DSMC boundary condition. Steady Couette flow simulation results show that the gas-liquid boundary affects the density distribution and the temperature dependence of the slip velocity. Unsteady simulation results show that mass transfer by diffusion is faster than momentum transfer by collision.",
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DSMC (direct simulation Monte Carlo) analysis of microchannel flow with gas-liquid boundary. / Ryu, Dong Hun; Lee, Jinho.

In: International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics, Vol. 20, No. 9, 01.10.2006, p. 611-620.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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