Dual-scope guided (simultaneous thoraco-laparoscopic) transthoracic transdiaphragmatic intraoperative radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma located beneath the diaphragm

ChangMoo Kang, Heung Kyue Ko, Si Young Song, Kyung Sik Kim, Jin Sub Choi, Woo Jung Lee, Byung Ro Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Among treatment modalities for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is getting popular due to low morbidity and its effectiveness. However, when the tumor is located just under the diaphragm, a percutaneous approach for RFA is often impossible because of the difficulty in visualizing the tumor with conventional ultrasonographic examination. Method: Simultaneous thoraco-laparoscopic transthoracic transdiaphragmatic intraoperative RFA was performed on a 55 year-old male with HCC just beneath the diaphragm as well as laparoscopic RFA for dysplastic nodule near the gallbladder. Most of all, the patient wanted to undergo liver transplantation for the HCC and underlying liver cirrhosis. Therefore we chose to provide this procedure as a bridge to the liver transplantation. A total of four trocars (12 mm, 10 mm, 5 mm trocars for laparoscopy, and one 5 mm trocar for thoracoscopy), a 10 mm flexible laparoscope, a 5 mm thoracoscpe, and a laparoscopic ultrasound were used for this surgical procedure. After finishing laparoscopic RFA for dysplastic nodule near the gallbladder, the patient was placed into the left lateral decubitus for dual-scope guided transthoracic transdiaphragmatic intraoperative RFA. Complete separation of the diaphragm from the hepatic dome and good visualization of the subdiaphragmatic vessels provided a safe procedure without any injury to the diaphragm and other vessels. Results: The operative time was 240 minutes and the blood loss was zero. The postoperative course was uneventful. The diet was started on the operative day. A chest tube and an abdominal drain was removed on first day after surgery. The patient discharged on the second day after surgery. The patient has been followed up for three months after the dual-scope guided intraoperative RFA without any evidence of tumor recurrence. He is now actively being evaluated for liver transplantation. Conclusion: Dual-scope guided (simultaneous thoraco-laparoscopic) transthoracic transdiaphragmatic intraoperative RFA is an easy, safe, and effective minimal invasive modality for treatment of the selective patient with HCC, with liver cirrhosis, which is located immediately under the diaphragm. Further experiences and a long term follow up is mandatory.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
JournalSurgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Feb 1

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Diaphragm
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Surgical Instruments
Liver Transplantation
Gallbladder
Ambulatory Surgical Procedures
Liver Cirrhosis
Laparoscopes
Chest Tubes
Neoplasms
Thoracoscopy
Operative Time
Laparoscopy
Diet
Morbidity
Recurrence
Liver
Wounds and Injuries
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

Cite this

@article{08cc072be8524d1abae737e9c96c7656,
title = "Dual-scope guided (simultaneous thoraco-laparoscopic) transthoracic transdiaphragmatic intraoperative radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma located beneath the diaphragm",
abstract = "Background: Among treatment modalities for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is getting popular due to low morbidity and its effectiveness. However, when the tumor is located just under the diaphragm, a percutaneous approach for RFA is often impossible because of the difficulty in visualizing the tumor with conventional ultrasonographic examination. Method: Simultaneous thoraco-laparoscopic transthoracic transdiaphragmatic intraoperative RFA was performed on a 55 year-old male with HCC just beneath the diaphragm as well as laparoscopic RFA for dysplastic nodule near the gallbladder. Most of all, the patient wanted to undergo liver transplantation for the HCC and underlying liver cirrhosis. Therefore we chose to provide this procedure as a bridge to the liver transplantation. A total of four trocars (12 mm, 10 mm, 5 mm trocars for laparoscopy, and one 5 mm trocar for thoracoscopy), a 10 mm flexible laparoscope, a 5 mm thoracoscpe, and a laparoscopic ultrasound were used for this surgical procedure. After finishing laparoscopic RFA for dysplastic nodule near the gallbladder, the patient was placed into the left lateral decubitus for dual-scope guided transthoracic transdiaphragmatic intraoperative RFA. Complete separation of the diaphragm from the hepatic dome and good visualization of the subdiaphragmatic vessels provided a safe procedure without any injury to the diaphragm and other vessels. Results: The operative time was 240 minutes and the blood loss was zero. The postoperative course was uneventful. The diet was started on the operative day. A chest tube and an abdominal drain was removed on first day after surgery. The patient discharged on the second day after surgery. The patient has been followed up for three months after the dual-scope guided intraoperative RFA without any evidence of tumor recurrence. He is now actively being evaluated for liver transplantation. Conclusion: Dual-scope guided (simultaneous thoraco-laparoscopic) transthoracic transdiaphragmatic intraoperative RFA is an easy, safe, and effective minimal invasive modality for treatment of the selective patient with HCC, with liver cirrhosis, which is located immediately under the diaphragm. Further experiences and a long term follow up is mandatory.",
author = "ChangMoo Kang and Ko, {Heung Kyue} and Song, {Si Young} and Kim, {Kyung Sik} and Choi, {Jin Sub} and Lee, {Woo Jung} and Kim, {Byung Ro}",
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Dual-scope guided (simultaneous thoraco-laparoscopic) transthoracic transdiaphragmatic intraoperative radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma located beneath the diaphragm. / Kang, ChangMoo; Ko, Heung Kyue; Song, Si Young; Kim, Kyung Sik; Choi, Jin Sub; Lee, Woo Jung; Kim, Byung Ro.

In: Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques, Vol. 22, No. 2, 01.02.2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dual-scope guided (simultaneous thoraco-laparoscopic) transthoracic transdiaphragmatic intraoperative radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma located beneath the diaphragm

AU - Kang, ChangMoo

AU - Ko, Heung Kyue

AU - Song, Si Young

AU - Kim, Kyung Sik

AU - Choi, Jin Sub

AU - Lee, Woo Jung

AU - Kim, Byung Ro

PY - 2008/2/1

Y1 - 2008/2/1

N2 - Background: Among treatment modalities for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is getting popular due to low morbidity and its effectiveness. However, when the tumor is located just under the diaphragm, a percutaneous approach for RFA is often impossible because of the difficulty in visualizing the tumor with conventional ultrasonographic examination. Method: Simultaneous thoraco-laparoscopic transthoracic transdiaphragmatic intraoperative RFA was performed on a 55 year-old male with HCC just beneath the diaphragm as well as laparoscopic RFA for dysplastic nodule near the gallbladder. Most of all, the patient wanted to undergo liver transplantation for the HCC and underlying liver cirrhosis. Therefore we chose to provide this procedure as a bridge to the liver transplantation. A total of four trocars (12 mm, 10 mm, 5 mm trocars for laparoscopy, and one 5 mm trocar for thoracoscopy), a 10 mm flexible laparoscope, a 5 mm thoracoscpe, and a laparoscopic ultrasound were used for this surgical procedure. After finishing laparoscopic RFA for dysplastic nodule near the gallbladder, the patient was placed into the left lateral decubitus for dual-scope guided transthoracic transdiaphragmatic intraoperative RFA. Complete separation of the diaphragm from the hepatic dome and good visualization of the subdiaphragmatic vessels provided a safe procedure without any injury to the diaphragm and other vessels. Results: The operative time was 240 minutes and the blood loss was zero. The postoperative course was uneventful. The diet was started on the operative day. A chest tube and an abdominal drain was removed on first day after surgery. The patient discharged on the second day after surgery. The patient has been followed up for three months after the dual-scope guided intraoperative RFA without any evidence of tumor recurrence. He is now actively being evaluated for liver transplantation. Conclusion: Dual-scope guided (simultaneous thoraco-laparoscopic) transthoracic transdiaphragmatic intraoperative RFA is an easy, safe, and effective minimal invasive modality for treatment of the selective patient with HCC, with liver cirrhosis, which is located immediately under the diaphragm. Further experiences and a long term follow up is mandatory.

AB - Background: Among treatment modalities for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is getting popular due to low morbidity and its effectiveness. However, when the tumor is located just under the diaphragm, a percutaneous approach for RFA is often impossible because of the difficulty in visualizing the tumor with conventional ultrasonographic examination. Method: Simultaneous thoraco-laparoscopic transthoracic transdiaphragmatic intraoperative RFA was performed on a 55 year-old male with HCC just beneath the diaphragm as well as laparoscopic RFA for dysplastic nodule near the gallbladder. Most of all, the patient wanted to undergo liver transplantation for the HCC and underlying liver cirrhosis. Therefore we chose to provide this procedure as a bridge to the liver transplantation. A total of four trocars (12 mm, 10 mm, 5 mm trocars for laparoscopy, and one 5 mm trocar for thoracoscopy), a 10 mm flexible laparoscope, a 5 mm thoracoscpe, and a laparoscopic ultrasound were used for this surgical procedure. After finishing laparoscopic RFA for dysplastic nodule near the gallbladder, the patient was placed into the left lateral decubitus for dual-scope guided transthoracic transdiaphragmatic intraoperative RFA. Complete separation of the diaphragm from the hepatic dome and good visualization of the subdiaphragmatic vessels provided a safe procedure without any injury to the diaphragm and other vessels. Results: The operative time was 240 minutes and the blood loss was zero. The postoperative course was uneventful. The diet was started on the operative day. A chest tube and an abdominal drain was removed on first day after surgery. The patient discharged on the second day after surgery. The patient has been followed up for three months after the dual-scope guided intraoperative RFA without any evidence of tumor recurrence. He is now actively being evaluated for liver transplantation. Conclusion: Dual-scope guided (simultaneous thoraco-laparoscopic) transthoracic transdiaphragmatic intraoperative RFA is an easy, safe, and effective minimal invasive modality for treatment of the selective patient with HCC, with liver cirrhosis, which is located immediately under the diaphragm. Further experiences and a long term follow up is mandatory.

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