Dynamic Initialization for Whole Atmospheric Global Modeling

I. S. Song, H. Y. Chun, G. Jee, S. Y. Kim, J. Kim, Y. H. Kim, M. A. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

An iterative dynamic initialization method is presented to produce balanced initial conditions for whole atmospheric global modeling. In this method, a global hydrostatic numerical model is iteratively nudged toward ground-to-space wind and temperature profiles at specific date and time. Ground-to-space atmospheric profiles are obtained by fitting spline curves to reanalyses below the lower mesosphere and empirical model results in the upper atmosphere. An optimal nudging coefficient is determined by examining if reasonable structure of mesospheric gravity wave (GW) momentum forcing and residual mean meridional circulations can be obtained from balanced initial conditions. Estimated mesospheric GW momentum forcing is found to exhibit a distinctive structure with larger (smaller) values in the lower and upper mesosphere (in the midmesosphere), when compared with parameterized climatological forcing. The iterative dynamic initialization allows for dynamical balance among the model's prognostic variables and reduces excitation of spurious GWs and noises at initial time. However, theoretical imbalances, measured by the ellipticity of the nonlinear balance equation, are not completely eliminated in balanced flows, and they are found in narrow tropospheric frontal regions and over localized areas associated with the large-scale instability in the midlatitude middle atmosphere. These imbalances are discussed in the context of their potential relation to generation of planetary-scale and inertia GWs around the middle atmospheric and tropospheric jets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2096-2120
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
Volume10
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sep

Fingerprint

Gravity waves
gravity wave
atmospheric space
momentum
Momentum
Upper atmosphere
wind profile
middle atmosphere
meridional circulation
upper atmosphere
hydrostatics
inertia
temperature profile
Splines
modeling
Numerical models
Temperature
method

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Song, I. S. ; Chun, H. Y. ; Jee, G. ; Kim, S. Y. ; Kim, J. ; Kim, Y. H. ; Taylor, M. A. / Dynamic Initialization for Whole Atmospheric Global Modeling. In: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems. 2018 ; Vol. 10, No. 9. pp. 2096-2120.
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Dynamic Initialization for Whole Atmospheric Global Modeling. / Song, I. S.; Chun, H. Y.; Jee, G.; Kim, S. Y.; Kim, J.; Kim, Y. H.; Taylor, M. A.

In: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 10, No. 9, 09.2018, p. 2096-2120.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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