In Proxy Mobile IP (PMIPv6) networks, proxy-registrations are performed even for idle MNs, resulting in unnecessary signaling traffic. Although there have been many IP paging techniques aimed at reducing the unnecessary location update, they focus only on Mobile IP (MIP) since they had been developed before PMIPv6 was proposed. Thus, adopting existing IP paging support is not sufficient to support mobility in PMIPv6 networks. For more efficient support, we propose a dynamic multi-step paging scheme that pages an MN in multiple incremental steps instead of flooding paging messages to a whole paging area to significantly reduce the signaling traffic caused by the proxy location updates in the PMIPv6 networks. In addition, to improve the paging delay performance that may be deteriorated by the multi-step paging, the proposed scheme configures paging area dynamically to raise the efficiency of locating MNs. The size of a paging area is designed to be determined based on the speed of an MN. We also develop a thorough analytical model for evaluating the performance of the proposed scheme compared with a static paging scheme in terms of the signaling cost and the paging delay. Thorough analysis and simulation demonstrate that in the PMIPv6 network, our paging scheme can significantly reduce the signaling cost for IP paging, achieving a shorter paging delay, compared to that of a paging scheme with a fixed paging area.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Information Systems
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering