Dynamic pricing and energy consumption scheduling with reinforcement learning

Byung Gook Kim, Yu Zhang, Mihaela Van Der Schaar, Jang Won Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

172 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we study a dynamic pricing and energy consumption scheduling problem in the microgrid where the service provider acts as a broker between the utility company and customers by purchasing electric energy from the utility company and selling it to the customers. For the service provider, even though dynamic pricing is an efficient tool to manage the microgrid, the implementation of dynamic pricing is highly challenging due to the lack of the customer-side information and the various types of uncertainties in the microgrid. Similarly, the customers also face challenges in scheduling their energy consumption due to the uncertainty of the retail electricity price. In order to overcome the challenges of implementing dynamic pricing and energy consumption scheduling, we develop reinforcement learning algorithms that allow each of the service provider and the customers to learn its strategy without a priori information about the microgrid. Through numerical results, we show that the proposed reinforcement learning-based dynamic pricing algorithm can effectively work without a priori information about the system dynamics and the proposed energy consumption scheduling algorithm further reduces the system cost thanks to the learning capability of each customer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7321806
Pages (from-to)2187-2198
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The work of B.-G. Kim and J.-W. Lee was supported by the Mid-Career Researcher Program through National Research Foundation funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning, Korea, under Grant 2013R1A2A2A01069053.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 IEEE.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science(all)


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