Early course of newly diagnosed moderate-to-severe ulcerative colitis in Korea: Results from a hospital-based inception cohort study (MOSAIK)

the MOSAIK study group of the Korean Association for the Study of Intestinal Diseases (KASID)

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Abstract

Background and Aim: No inception cohort study has ever evaluated the early course of moderate-to-severe ulcerative colitis (UC) within 1 year of diagnosis in the non-Caucasian population. We aimed to investigate the early clinical course of moderate-to-severe UC patients in terms of remission, relapse, UC-related hospitalizations, colectomy, mortality, and overall use of medications. Methods: In the MOSAIK inception cohort, which is an ongoing multicenter, prospective, hospital-based, observational cohort, 354 patients with moderate-to-severe UC were followed up for 1 year. Main outcomes of UC and predictive factors for medication use over the course of 1 year were evaluated. Result: Among 354 patients, 276 (78.0%) patients were followed up for 1 year. The rates of remission, relapse, UC-related hospitalizations, and proximal disease extension were 95.3%, 39.6%, 15.2%, and 12.3%, respectively. Systemic corticosteroids, thiopurines, and biologics were administered to 61.2%, 30.4%, and 10.5% of patients, respectively, throughout 1 year. One year after, 58.2% patients experienced remission or mild endoscopic activity. Overall disease courses did not show much difference according to moderate or severe disease activity at baseline. In addition, no colectomy and mortality were observed for 1 year. Predictive factors for medication use included disease severity, disease extent, endoscopic severity, and presence of periappendiceal inflammation at baseline for corticosteroid, disease extent and initial corticosteroid use for thiopurine, and only initial corticosteroid use for biologics. Conclusion: Korean patients with moderate-to-severe UC may have more favorable early outcomes than Western patients. However, outcomes of them need to be further looked into for a longer time.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The moderate‐to‐severe ulcerative colitis in Korea (MOSAIK) cohort study has been funded and supported by Janssen Korea.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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