Early elementary school adjustment of maltreated children in foster care: The roles of inhibitory control and caregiver involvement

Katherine C. Pears, Philip A. Fisher, Jacqueline Bruce, Hyoun K. Kim, Karen Yoerger

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83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, 85 maltreated foster children and 56 nonmaltreated community children (M age. = 3-6 years) were assessed across kindergarten and first grade to examine the hypothesis that inhibitory control and caregiver involvement mediate associations between a history of maltreatment and foster placement and early school adjustment. Specifically, academic and social-emotional competence were evaluated. The maltreated foster children performed more poorly in academic and social-emotional competence. Inhibitory control fully mediated the association of maltreatment and foster placement with academic competence, whereas inhibitory control and caregiver involvement mediated their association with social-emotional competence. The results suggest that inhibitory control and caregiver involvement might be promising targets for school readiness interventions for foster preschoolers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1550-1564
Number of pages15
JournalChild Development
Volume81
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Sep 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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