Background: Recently, stereotacitc radiosurgery (SRS) has been in the spotlight as an alternative therapeutic option for jugular foramen schwannomas (JFS). While most reported studies focus on the long-term efficacy and safety issues of SRS, none describe the early-onset adverse events (eAEs). We aimed to investigate the incidence, clinical characteristics, and mid-term outcomes of eAEs occurring within six months after SRS for JFS. Methods: In this retrospective review, patients who underwent at least six months of follow-up were included among all patients with JFS who have performed SRS at our institution between July 2008 and November 2019. And eAEs were defined as a newly developed neurological deficit or aggravation of pre-existing symptoms during the first six months after SRS. Results: Forty-six patients were included in the analysis. The median follow-up period was 50 months (range 9–136). The overall tumor control rate was 91.3%, and the actuarial 3-, 5-, and 10-year progression-free survival rates were 97.8%, 93.8%, and 76.9%, respectively. Of the 46 patients, 16 had eAEs, and the median time to onset of eAEs was one month (range 1–6 months), and the predominant symptoms were lower cranial nerve dysfunctions. Thirteen of 16 patients showed improved eAE symptoms during the follow-up period, and the median resolution time was six months (range 1–52). In 11 (68.8%) of 16 patients with eAEs, transient expansions were observed with a mean of 3.6 months after the onset of eAEs, and the mean difference between the initial tumor volume and the transient expansion volume was more prominent in the patients with eAEs (3.2 cm3 vs. 1.0 cm3; p = 0.057). In univariate analysis, dumbbell-shaped tumors (OR 10.56; p = 0.004) and initial tumor volume (OR 1.32; p = 0.033) were significantly associated with the occurrence of eAEs. Conclusions: Although acute adverse events after SRS for JFS are not rare, these acute effects were not permanent and mostly improved with the steroid treatment. Dumbell-shaped and large-volume tumors are significant predictive factors for the occurrence of eAEs. And the transient expansion also seems to be closely related to eAEs. Therefore, clinicians need to be more cautious when treating these patients and closely monitor the occurrence of eAEs.
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Dec|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education (Grant Number NRF2020R1I1A1A0105509612). Additionally, this work was supported by Korea Medical Device Development Fund (Project Number: KMDF_PR_20200901_0103) and Samsung Research Funding and Incubation Center of Samsung Electronics under Project Number SRFC-IT2001-01.
© 2022, The Author(s).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging