Early recurrence after neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy for locally advanced rectal cancer: Characteristics and risk factors

Han Gil Kim, Ho Seung Kim, Seung Yoon Yang, Yoon Dae Han, Min Soo Cho, Hyuk Hur, Byung Soh Min, Kang Young Lee, Nam Kyu Kim

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/objective: Some locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) patients treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) prior to total mesorectal excision (TME) show early recurrence with a short disease-free interval. This is unacceptable for patients and their families, necessitating re-evaluation of the treatment process. We aimed to evaluate the risk factors and prognostic impact of early recurrence in patients who received preoperative CRT (pCRT) followed by TME for LARC. Methods: Of 714 patients who underwent curative resection after pCRT for LARC from January 2010 to December 2016, we included 139 who developed recurrence after resection. Patients were divided into an early recurrence group, diagnosed <12 months after primary surgery, and a late recurrence group, diagnosed ≥12 months after primary surgery. Results: Forty-nine patients experienced early recurrence and 90 experienced late recurrence. Multivariate analysis revealed that tumor regression grade (hazard ratio [HR] 2.962, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.434–6.119, P = 0.003) and positive ypN stage (HR 2.110, 95% CI 1.144–3.892, P = 0.017) correlated with early recurrence. The 5-year overall survival rates for early and late recurrences were not significantly different (P = 0.121). Conclusion: In patients with early recurrence after pCRT followed by TME, tumor regression grade and ypN stage positivity were independent predictors of the early recurrence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)298-302
Number of pages5
JournalAsian Journal of Surgery
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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