We report an early science discovery of the 12 CO(1-0) emission line in the collisional ring galaxy VII Zw466, using the Redshift Search Receiver instrument on the Large Millimeter Telescope Alfonso Serrano. The apparent molecular-to-atomic gas ratio either places the interstellar medium (ISM) of VII Zw466 in the HI-dominated regime or implies a large quantity of CO-dark molecular gas, given its high star formation rate. The molecular gas densities and star formation rate densities of VII Zw466 are consistent with the standard Kennicutt-Schmidt star formation law even though we find this galaxy to be H 2 -deficient. The choice of CO-to-H 2 conversion factors cannot explain the apparent H 2 deficiency in its entirety. Hence, we find that the collisional ring galaxy, VII Zw466, is either largely deficient in both H 2 and HI or contains a large mass of CO-dark gas. A low molecular gas fraction could be due to the enhancement of feedback processes from previous episodes of star formation as a result of the star-forming ISM being confined to the ring. We conclude that collisional ring galaxy formation is an extreme form of galaxy interaction that triggers a strong galactic-wide burst of star formation that may provide immediate negative feedback towards subsequent episodes of star formation - resulting in a short-lived star formation history or, at least, the appearance of a molecular gas deficit.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science