Editor's Choice – Impact of Endovascular Pedal Artery Revascularisation on Wound Healing in Patients With Critical Limb Ischaemia

Hae Won Jung, Young Guk Ko, Sung Jin Hong, Chul Min Ahn, Jung Sun Kim, Byeong Keuk Kim, Donghoon Choi, Myeong Ki Hong, Yangsoo Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The present study investigated the impact of endovascular pedal artery revascularisation (PAR) on the clinical outcomes of patients with critical limb ischaemia (CLI). Methods: This retrospective analysis of a single centre cohort included 239 patients who underwent endovascular revascularisation of infrapopliteal arteries for a chronic ischaemic wound. PAR was attempted in 141 patients during the procedure. After propensity score matching, there were 87 pairs of patients with and without PAR. Results: After the matching, the two groups showed balanced baseline clinical and lesion characteristics. PAR was achieved in 60.9% of the PAR group. Direct angiosome flow was more frequently obtained in the PAR group than in the non-PAR group (81.6% vs. 34.5%; p <.001). Subintimal angioplasty (47.1% vs. 29.9%; p =.019) and pedal–plantar loop technique (18.4% vs. 0%; p <.001) were more frequent in the PAR group. At the one year follow up, the PAR group showed greater freedom from major amputation (96.3% vs. 84.2%; p =.009). The wound healing rate, overall survival, major adverse limb event, and freedom from re-intervention did not differ significantly between the two groups. However, the patient subgroup with successful PAR showed a higher wound healing rate than the non-PAR group (76.0% vs. 67.0%; p =.031). In a multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression model, successful PAR (hazard ratio [HR] 1.564, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.068–2.290; p =.022) was identified as an independent factor associated with improved wound healing, whereas gangrene (HR 0.659, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.471–0.923; p =.015), C reactive protein >3 mg/dL (HR 0.591, 95% CI 0.386–0.904; p =.015), and pre-procedural absence of pedal arch (HR 0.628, 95% CI 0.431–0.916; p =.016) were associated with impaired wound healing. Conclusion: Successful PAR significantly improved wound healing in patients with CLI. Thus, efforts should be made to revascularise the pedal arteries, especially when the pedal arch is completely absent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)854-863
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Volume58
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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