Effect of a pedometer-based, 24-week walking intervention on depression and acculturative stress among migrant women workers

Youlim Kim, Young Me Lee, Mikyeong Cho, Hyeonkyeong Lee

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Little research has examined exercise-based interventions meant to alleviate depressive symptoms among Korean-Chinese migrant women workers living in Korea. Thus, this study evaluated the effectiveness of a 24-week walking program on reducing depressive symptoms and acculturative stress levels in this population. This quasi-experimental sequential walking program was conducted with 132 Korean-Chinese women over a period of 24 weeks. Participants were divided into either a standard treatment group (n = 69) or enhanced treatment group (n = 63). All participants were instructed to walk using a pedometer. The enhanced treatment group also received mobile text messages designed to encourage walking adherence and improve acculturation. Participants were asked to complete two structured questionnaires, the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale and the Acculturative Stress Scale, to evaluate the intervention programs. At the end of the program, both groups exhibited decreased depression scores, but the decrease in the enhanced treatment group was more significant both at weeks 12 and 24. Acculturative stress was also found to have decreased at weeks 12 and 24. Our findings show the walking program reduced the depressive symptoms and acculturative stress levels among the Korean-Chinese women in this study. Further studies will be needed to analyze the relationship between walking step count and mental health considering exercise intensity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4386
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Nov 2

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This research was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2012R1A1A3019009, NRF-2017R1A2B4008671) with the fund of the Korean government (MSIP; Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. T.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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