Effect of amniotic membrane after laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy on epithelial healing: Clinical and refractive outcomes

Hyung Keun Lee, Jin Kook Kim, Sung Soo Kim, Eung Kweon Kim, Kwang One Kim, In Sik Lee, Gong Je Seong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of an amniotic membrane (AM) on reepithelialization time, corneal haze, and postoperative visual and refractive outcomes after laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) for myopia and myopic astigmatism. Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, and Balgeunsesang Ophthalmology Clinic, Seoul, Korea. Methods: One hundred fifty-two eyes of 84 patients with myopia or myopic astigmatism were prospectively evaluated for 6 months after LASEK. An AM was placed as a strip on the inferior limbus in 94 eyes of 54 patients after LASEK; 58 eyes of 30 patients served as the control group. Postoperative epithelial healing time, uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best corrected visual acuity, remaining refractive error, and corneal haze were examined. Results: The reepithelialization time was shorter in the AM group (2.40 days ± 0.94 [SD]) than in the control group (3.90 ± 0.97 days) (P<.001). At 6 months, 86 eyes (91.5%) in the AM group had a UCVA of 20/25 or better and 90 eyes (95.7%) had a UCVA of 20/40 or better; 48 eyes (82.8%) and 53 eyes (91.4%) in the control group had a UCVA of 20/25 or better and 20/40 or better, respectively. The mean spherical equivalent in the AM group was -0.48 ± 0.54 diopter (D) and in the control group, -0.94 ± 0.60 D (P<.001). The corneal haze was significantly less in the AM group than in the control group (P<.001). Conclusion: Amniotic membrane use after LASEK induced rapid epithelial healing with more favorable visual and refractive outcomes and lower corneal haze scores than conventional LASEK.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-340
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of cataract and refractive surgery
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Feb

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Supported by a grant (02-PJ1-PG1-CH02-0003) from the Korea Health 21 R&D Project, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

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