Odor identification ability may serve as an important diagnostic biomarker in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The aim of the study is to investigate the contribution of A/T/N neuroimaging biomarkers to impaired odor identification ability in the Alzheimer’s disease spectrum. In 127 participants, we compared A/T/N neuroimaging biomarkers between normosmia and hyposmia groups, and performed correlation analysis between the biomarkers and Cross-Cultural Smell Identification Test (CCSIT) scores. Additionally, path analysis for odor identification ability was performed using cognitive function as a mediator. In between-group comparison, individuals with hyposmia showed higher frequency of amyloid-β (Aβ) positivity, and lower neuropsychological test performance than those with normosmia. After correction for covariates including total cognition scores, there was no difference in the Aβ or tau burden between the normosmia and hyposmia groups, and no correlation between CCSIT scores and Aβ or tau burden. Meanwhile, cortical volumes in the lateral and medial temporal cortices were smaller in the hyposmia group and decreased with the worsening of CCSIT scores. Path analysis showed that only neurodegeneration had a direct effect on odor identification, while Aβ and tau burden contributed to odor identification with the mediation of cognition. In the Alzheimer’s disease spectrum, impaired odor identification ability may be attributable to neurodegeneration rather than the direct effect of Aβ or tau burden.
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Dec 1|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a grant from Korean Neurological Association (KNA-19-MI-12), faculty research grant of Yonsei University College of Medicine for (6-2018-0068), Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (NRF-2017R1A2B2006694) and the Ministry of Education (NRF-2018R1D1A1B07049386), and a grant of the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI) funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (Grant number : HI18C1159).
© 2020, The Author(s).
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