Effect of bio-scavengers on the curing behavior and bonding properties of melamine-formaldehyde resins

Sumin Kim, Hyun Joong Kim, Hee Soo Kim, Hwa Hyoung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of bio-scavengers on the formaldehyde emission, bonding strength, curing behavior, and thermal decomposition properties of MF resins for engineered flooring and adhesion for wood were investigated. Four varieties of bioscavengers, tannin powder, wheat flour, rice husk flour, and charcoal, were added to MF resin at 5 wt.-%. To determine formaldehyde emission and bonding strength, we manufactured engineered floorings. MF-charcoal was most effective in reducing formaldehyde emission because of its porous nature, but its bonding strength was decreased. Tannin powder and wheat flour, which contain more hydroxyl groups, showed higher bonding strength and curing degree than pure MF resin did. Although the hydroxyl groups of the bio-scavengers were effective in reducing formaldehyde emission and improve bonding strength and curing degree, rice husk flour and charcoal behaved like inorganic substances, thereby disturbing the adhesion between MF resin and wood and thus reducing the bonding strength. In thermogravimetric analysis, MF-tannin showed the highest thermal stability in the low-temperature range from 100 to 300°C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1027-1034
Number of pages8
JournalMacromolecular Materials and Engineering
Volume291
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Sep 15

Fingerprint

Melamine formaldehyde resins
Curing
Tannins
Formaldehyde
Charcoal
Resins
Hydroxyl Radical
Powders
Wood
Adhesion
Thermogravimetric analysis
Pyrolysis
Thermodynamic stability

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "The effects of bio-scavengers on the formaldehyde emission, bonding strength, curing behavior, and thermal decomposition properties of MF resins for engineered flooring and adhesion for wood were investigated. Four varieties of bioscavengers, tannin powder, wheat flour, rice husk flour, and charcoal, were added to MF resin at 5 wt.-{\%}. To determine formaldehyde emission and bonding strength, we manufactured engineered floorings. MF-charcoal was most effective in reducing formaldehyde emission because of its porous nature, but its bonding strength was decreased. Tannin powder and wheat flour, which contain more hydroxyl groups, showed higher bonding strength and curing degree than pure MF resin did. Although the hydroxyl groups of the bio-scavengers were effective in reducing formaldehyde emission and improve bonding strength and curing degree, rice husk flour and charcoal behaved like inorganic substances, thereby disturbing the adhesion between MF resin and wood and thus reducing the bonding strength. In thermogravimetric analysis, MF-tannin showed the highest thermal stability in the low-temperature range from 100 to 300°C.",
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Effect of bio-scavengers on the curing behavior and bonding properties of melamine-formaldehyde resins. / Kim, Sumin; Kim, Hyun Joong; Kim, Hee Soo; Lee, Hwa Hyoung.

In: Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, Vol. 291, No. 9, 15.09.2006, p. 1027-1034.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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