The effect of the compatibilizer on the crystallization, rheological, and tensile properties of low-density polyethylene (LDPE)/ethylene vinyl alcohol (EVOH) (70/ 30) blends was investigated. Maleic anhydride-grafted linear low-density polyethylene (LLD-g-MAH) was used as the compatibilizer in various concentrations (from 1 to 12 phr). The interesting effect of compatibilization on the crystallization kinetics of the blends was noted, and the correlation between the morphology and the rheological and tensile properties was also discussed. Morphological analysis showed that the blends exhibited a regular and finer dispersion of the EVOH phase when LLD-g-MAH was added. Nonisothermal crystallization exotherms of the compatibilized LDPE/EVOH blends showed the retarded crystallization of the dispersed EVOH phase, which probably resulted from the constraint effect of the grafted EVOH (EVOH-g-LLD) as well as the size reduction of the EVOH domains. The blends exhibited increased melt viscosity and storage modulus and also enhanced tensile properties with the addition of LLD-g-MAH, which seemed to be attributable to both dispersed particle-size reduction and improved interfacial adhesion.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Polymer Science|
|Publication status||Published - 1998 May 23|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry