The solidification of alloys in the Bi 2Te 3-PbTe pseudobinary system at off- and near-eutectic compositions was investigated for their microstructure and thermoelectric properties. Dendritic and lamellar structures were clearly observed due to the phase separation and the existence of a metastable ternary phase. In this system, three phases with different compositions were observed: binary Bi 2Te 3, PbTe, and metastable PbBi 2Te 4. The Seebeck coefficient, electrical resistivity, and thermal conductivity of ternary alloys as well as binary compounds were measured. The phonon thermal conductivities of Pb-Bi-Te alloys were lower than those in binary PbTe and Bi 2Te 3, which could have resulted from the increased interfacial area between phases due to the existence of the metastable ternary phase and the resultant phase separation.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Converging Research Center Program through the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology (2010K000979) and the Core Technology of Materials Research and Development Program of the Korea Ministry of Intelligence and Economy (# K0006007).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry