Effect of feeding mode and dilution on the performance and microbial community population in anaerobic digestion of food waste

Jong Hun Park, Gopalakrishnan Kumar, Yeo Myeong Yun, Joong Chun Kwon, Sang Hyoun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of feeding mode and dilution was studied in anaerobic digestion of food waste. An upflow anaerobic digester with a settler was fed at six different organic loading rates (OLRs) from 4.6 to 8.6 kg COD/m3/d for 200 days. The highest methane productivity of 2.78 L CH4/L/d was achieved at 8.6 kg COD/m3/d during continuous feeding of diluted FW. Continuous feeding of diluted food waste showed more stable and efficient performance than stepwise feeding of undiluted food waste. Sharp increase in propionate concentration attributed towards deterioration of the digester performances in stepwise feeding of undiluted food waste. Microbial communities at various OLRs divulged that the microbial distribution in the continuous feeding of diluted food waste was not significantly perturbed despite the increase of OLR up to 8.6 kg COD/m3/d, which was contrast to the unstable distribution in stepwise feeding of undiluted food waste at 6.1 kg COD/m3/d.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-140
Number of pages7
JournalBioresource technology
Volume248
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan

Fingerprint

Anaerobic digestion
Dilution
microbial community
dilution
food
Methane
Propionates
anaerobic digestion
effect
Deterioration
Productivity
methane
productivity
rate

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

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abstract = "The effect of feeding mode and dilution was studied in anaerobic digestion of food waste. An upflow anaerobic digester with a settler was fed at six different organic loading rates (OLRs) from 4.6 to 8.6 kg COD/m3/d for 200 days. The highest methane productivity of 2.78 L CH4/L/d was achieved at 8.6 kg COD/m3/d during continuous feeding of diluted FW. Continuous feeding of diluted food waste showed more stable and efficient performance than stepwise feeding of undiluted food waste. Sharp increase in propionate concentration attributed towards deterioration of the digester performances in stepwise feeding of undiluted food waste. Microbial communities at various OLRs divulged that the microbial distribution in the continuous feeding of diluted food waste was not significantly perturbed despite the increase of OLR up to 8.6 kg COD/m3/d, which was contrast to the unstable distribution in stepwise feeding of undiluted food waste at 6.1 kg COD/m3/d.",
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Effect of feeding mode and dilution on the performance and microbial community population in anaerobic digestion of food waste. / Park, Jong Hun; Kumar, Gopalakrishnan; Yun, Yeo Myeong; Kwon, Joong Chun; Kim, Sang Hyoun.

In: Bioresource technology, Vol. 248, 01.2018, p. 134-140.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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