Effect of fenofibrate in 1113 patients at lowdensity lipoprotein cholesterol goal but high triglyceride levels: Real-world results and factors associated with triglyceride reduction

Yeongmin Woo, Jeong Soo Shin, Chi Young Shim, Jung Sun Kim, Byeong Keuk Kim, Sungha Park, Hyuk Jae Chang, Geu Ru Hong, Young Guk Ko, Seok Min Kang, Donghoon Choi, Jong Won Ha, Myeong Ki Hong, Yangsoo Jang, Sang Hak Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Fibrates are used in patients with dyslipidemia and high cardiovascular risk. However, information regarding drug response to fibrate has been highly limited. We investigated treatment results and factors associated with triglyceride reduction after fenofibrate therapy using large-scale real-world data. Patients with one or more cardiovascular risk factors, at low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol goal but with triglyceride level 150 mg/dL, and undergoing treatment with fenofibrate 135±160 mg for the first time were included in this retrospective observational study. The outcome variable was the percentage changes of TG levels. The achievement rate of triglyceride <150 mg/dL was additionally analyzed. Factors associated with treatment results were also analyzed. Among 2546 patients who were initially screened, 1113 patients were enrolled (median age: 61 years; male: 71%). After median follow- up of 4 months, the median change in triglyceride was -60%, and 49% of the patients reached triglyceride <150 mg/dL. After adjusting for confounding variables, female sex, non-diabetic status, coronary artery disease, lower baseline triglyceride, and no statin use were identified to be independently associated with achievement of triglyceride <150 mg/dL. Among them, female sex, non-diabetic status, and coronary artery disease were also related to median or greater percentage reduction of triglyceride. In conclusion, only half of the study patients reached triglyceride levels <150 mg/dL after real-world fenofibrate therapy. This study indicates that more attention is needed on some subgroups to obtain optimal triglyceride levels when treating with fenofibrate.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0205006
JournalPloS one
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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