Effect of Hall current on the onset of MHD convection in a porous medium layer saturated by a nanofluid

D. Yadav, R. A. Mohamed, Hyung Hee Cho, Jinho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, the effect of Hall current on the criterion for the onset of MHD convection in a porous medium layer saturated by a nanofluid is investigated. The model used for nanofluid combines the effect of Brownian motion and thermophoresis, while for a porous medium Brinkman model is used. A physically more realistic boundary condition than the previous ones on the nanoparticle volume fraction is considered i.e. the nanoparticle flux is assumed to be zero rather than prescribing the nanoparticle volume fraction on the boundaries. Using linear stability theory, the exact analytical expression for critical Rayleigh Darcy number is obtained in terms of various non-dimensional parameters. Results indicate that the magnetic field, Hall current, porous medium and nanoparticles significantly influence the stability characteristics of the system. The increase in the Hall current parameter, the Lewis number, the modified diffusivity ratio and the concentration Rayleigh Darcy number is to hasten the onset of convection while the magnetic Darcy number, the porosity parameter and the Darcy number has stabilized on the onset of convection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2379-2389
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Applied Fluid Mechanics
Volume9
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

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Hall currents
Magnetohydrodynamics
Porous materials
convection
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
Rayleigh number
Volume fraction
Thermophoresis
thermophoresis
Lewis numbers
Brownian movement
diffusivity
Porosity
Boundary conditions
boundary conditions
Magnetic fields
Fluxes
porosity
Convection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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Effect of Hall current on the onset of MHD convection in a porous medium layer saturated by a nanofluid. / Yadav, D.; Mohamed, R. A.; Cho, Hyung Hee; Lee, Jinho.

In: Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 9, No. 5, 01.01.2016, p. 2379-2389.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Mohamed, R. A.

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AB - In this study, the effect of Hall current on the criterion for the onset of MHD convection in a porous medium layer saturated by a nanofluid is investigated. The model used for nanofluid combines the effect of Brownian motion and thermophoresis, while for a porous medium Brinkman model is used. A physically more realistic boundary condition than the previous ones on the nanoparticle volume fraction is considered i.e. the nanoparticle flux is assumed to be zero rather than prescribing the nanoparticle volume fraction on the boundaries. Using linear stability theory, the exact analytical expression for critical Rayleigh Darcy number is obtained in terms of various non-dimensional parameters. Results indicate that the magnetic field, Hall current, porous medium and nanoparticles significantly influence the stability characteristics of the system. The increase in the Hall current parameter, the Lewis number, the modified diffusivity ratio and the concentration Rayleigh Darcy number is to hasten the onset of convection while the magnetic Darcy number, the porosity parameter and the Darcy number has stabilized on the onset of convection.

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