Effect of hydraulic retention time (HRT) on biohydrogen production from galactose in an up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor

Periyasamy Sivagurunathan, Parthiban Anburajan, Gopalakrishnan Kumar, Sang Hyoun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the hydrogen fermentation from galactose in up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor under mesophilic temperature of 37 °C. The maximum hydrogen production rate (HPR) and hydrogen yield (HY) of 56.8 L/L/d and 2.25 mol/mol galactose added were achieved at a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 2 h. Further shortening the HRT to 1.5 h, led to the significant drop in the HPR and HY with a value of 48.3 L/L/d and 1.44 mol/mol galactose added, respectively. During the reactor operation, neither external pH adjustment nor recirculation was required, while the pH was maintained in the range of 5.5–6.2 by the carbonate buffer in the nutrient medium. Acetate and butyrate were the major soluble metabolic products (SMPs) formed during the hydrogen fermentation with fewer amounts of lactate and propionate during the peak hydrogen production performances. The results showed that controlling appropriate HRT is prerequisite for the enhancement of hydrogen production performances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21670-21677
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume41
Issue number46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 14

Fingerprint

galactose
sludge
blankets
hydrogen production
Hydrogen production
hydraulics
reactors
Hydraulics
Hydrogen
fermentation
hydrogen
Fermentation
Reactor operation
lactates
nutrients
Nutrients
Carbonates
acetates
carbonates
buffers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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abstract = "This study investigated the hydrogen fermentation from galactose in up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor under mesophilic temperature of 37 °C. The maximum hydrogen production rate (HPR) and hydrogen yield (HY) of 56.8 L/L/d and 2.25 mol/mol galactose added were achieved at a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 2 h. Further shortening the HRT to 1.5 h, led to the significant drop in the HPR and HY with a value of 48.3 L/L/d and 1.44 mol/mol galactose added, respectively. During the reactor operation, neither external pH adjustment nor recirculation was required, while the pH was maintained in the range of 5.5–6.2 by the carbonate buffer in the nutrient medium. Acetate and butyrate were the major soluble metabolic products (SMPs) formed during the hydrogen fermentation with fewer amounts of lactate and propionate during the peak hydrogen production performances. The results showed that controlling appropriate HRT is prerequisite for the enhancement of hydrogen production performances.",
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Effect of hydraulic retention time (HRT) on biohydrogen production from galactose in an up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor. / Sivagurunathan, Periyasamy; Anburajan, Parthiban; Kumar, Gopalakrishnan; Kim, Sang Hyoun.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 41, No. 46, 14.12.2016, p. 21670-21677.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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