Effect of incidence angle on turbine blade heat transfer characteristics (II) - Blade surface

Dong Ho Rhee, Hyung Hee Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The present study investigated local heat/mass transfer characteristics on the surface of the rotating turbine blade with various incidence angles. The experiments are conducted in a low speed annular cascade with a single stage turbine. The blade has a flat tip with the mean tip clearance of 2.5% of the blade chord. A naphthalene sublimation method is used to measure detailed mass transfer coefficient on the blade. At design condition, the inlet Reynolds number is ReC=1.5×105, which results in the blade rotation speed of 255.8 rpm. Also, the effect of off-design condition is examined with various incidence angles between -15° and +7°. The results indicated that the incidence angle has significant effects on the blade surface heat transfer. In mid-span region, the laminar separation region on the pressure side is reduced and the laminar flow region on the suction side shrinks with increasing incidence angle. Near the tip, the effect of tip leakage flow increases in spanwise and axial directions as the incidence angle decreases because the tip leakage flow is formed near the suction side surface. However, the effect of tip leakage flow is reduced with positive incidence angle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-366
Number of pages10
JournalTransactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers, B
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Turbomachine blades
Turbines
Heat transfer
Mass transfer
Cascades (fluid mechanics)
Sublimation
Naphthalene
Laminar flow
Reynolds number
Experiments
Hot Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Effect of incidence angle on turbine blade heat transfer characteristics (II) - Blade surface",
abstract = "The present study investigated local heat/mass transfer characteristics on the surface of the rotating turbine blade with various incidence angles. The experiments are conducted in a low speed annular cascade with a single stage turbine. The blade has a flat tip with the mean tip clearance of 2.5{\%} of the blade chord. A naphthalene sublimation method is used to measure detailed mass transfer coefficient on the blade. At design condition, the inlet Reynolds number is ReC=1.5×105, which results in the blade rotation speed of 255.8 rpm. Also, the effect of off-design condition is examined with various incidence angles between -15° and +7°. The results indicated that the incidence angle has significant effects on the blade surface heat transfer. In mid-span region, the laminar separation region on the pressure side is reduced and the laminar flow region on the suction side shrinks with increasing incidence angle. Near the tip, the effect of tip leakage flow increases in spanwise and axial directions as the incidence angle decreases because the tip leakage flow is formed near the suction side surface. However, the effect of tip leakage flow is reduced with positive incidence angle.",
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Effect of incidence angle on turbine blade heat transfer characteristics (II) - Blade surface. / Rhee, Dong Ho; Cho, Hyung Hee.

In: Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers, B, Vol. 31, No. 4, 01.01.2007, p. 357-366.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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