In this study, we analyzed the rheological characteristics of double emulsions by using a three-dimensional lattice Boltzmann model. Numerical simulations indicate that interactions between multiple interfaces play a vital role in determining the shear stress on interfaces and affect deformations, which influence the relative viscosity of double emulsions. The large shear stress induced by droplets in contact increases the relative viscosity for high volume fractions. The double emulsions also show shear-thinning behavior, which corresponds with the Carreau model. The interfacial interference between the core and the deforming shell cause the relative viscosity to increase with increasing core-droplet radius. Finally, we investigated the dependence of the double-emulsion viscosity on the core-droplet viscosity. At high shear rates, the relative viscosity increases with increasing core-droplet viscosity. However, the trend is opposite at low shear rates, which results from the high inward flow (Marangoni flow) at low core-droplet viscosity.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Advanced Research Center Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (2015R1A5A1037668).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics