The effect of internal heat generation on the criterion for the onset of convection in a horizontal ferrofluid saturated porous layer in the presence of a uniform magnetic field is studied using the Brinkman-Lapwood extended Darcy flow model with fluid viscosity different from effective viscosity. The lower boundary is taken to be rigid - isothermal and the upper surface is free and subject to the general thermal condition. The resulting eigenvalue problem is solved numerically using the Galerkin method with the Rayleigh number as the eigenvalue. The stability of the system is found to be dependent on the dimensionless internal heat source strength Ns, Darcy number Da, viscosity ratio Λ, Biot number Bi, magnetic Rayleigh number, R m and the nonlinearity of fluid magnetization parameter M 3. The effect of increase in the value of Rm, N s and M3 is to hasten, while increase in the value of Bi, Λ and Da-1 is to delay the onset of thermomagnetic convection in a ferrofluid saturated porous layer. Further, increase in the value of Bi, Da-1 and Ns as well as decrease in Λ, Rm and M3 is to diminish the dimension of convection cells.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||International Journal of Thermal Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 2011 Feb|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics