Effect of intracoronary shunt on right ventricular function during off-pump grafting of dominant right coronary artery with poor collateral

Jae Kwang Shim, Sou Ouk Bang, Jong Hwa Lee, Young Jun Oh, Kyung Jong Yoo, Young Lan Kwak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Although numerous studies have validated the efficacy of intracoronary shunt on reducing left ventricular dysfunction during off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB), there is lack of evidence supporting its role on right ventricular (RV) function during right coronary artery (RCA) revascularization. Therefore, we studied the effect of intracoronary shunt during grafting of dominant RCA without visible collateral supply on global RV function using thermodilution method. Forty patients scheduled for multivessel OPCAB with right dominant coronary circulation without collateral supply confirmed by angiography were randomized to RCA revascularization either with a shunt (n=20) or soft snare occlusion (n=20). RV ejection fraction (RVEF) was recorded at baseline, during RCA grafting, and 15 min after reperfusion. Corresponding RV stroke work index (RVSWI) was calculated. RVEF and RVSWI decreased significantly during RCA grafting and returned to baseline values after reperfusion in both groups without any significant differences between the groups. Intracoronary shunt did not exert any beneficial effect on global RV function during RCA grafting, even in the absence of visible collateral supply. Regarding the possibility of graft failure by intracoronary shunt-induced endothelial damage, routine use of intracoronary shunt during RCA grafting is not recommended in patients with preserved biventricular function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-377
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Korean medical science
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jun 1

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Right Ventricular Function
Coronary Vessels
Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass
Coronary Artery Bypass
Reperfusion
Stroke
Thermodilution
Coronary Circulation
Left Ventricular Dysfunction
Stroke Volume
Angiography
Transplants

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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Shim, Jae Kwang ; Bang, Sou Ouk ; Lee, Jong Hwa ; Oh, Young Jun ; Yoo, Kyung Jong ; Kwak, Young Lan. / Effect of intracoronary shunt on right ventricular function during off-pump grafting of dominant right coronary artery with poor collateral. In: Journal of Korean medical science. 2008 ; Vol. 23, No. 3. pp. 373-377.
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Effect of intracoronary shunt on right ventricular function during off-pump grafting of dominant right coronary artery with poor collateral. / Shim, Jae Kwang; Bang, Sou Ouk; Lee, Jong Hwa; Oh, Young Jun; Yoo, Kyung Jong; Kwak, Young Lan.

In: Journal of Korean medical science, Vol. 23, No. 3, 01.06.2008, p. 373-377.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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