Effect of Laser Power on the Microstructure Evolution and Mechanical Properties of 20MnCr5 Low Alloy Steel Produced by Laser-Based Powder Bed Fusion

Hyo Moon Joo, Woo Chul Kim, Yong Joo Kim, Yeong Chul Jo, Mun Gu Kang, Ji Yong Lee, Min Soo Kim, Gi Bum Kim, Seong Jin Kim, Do Hyang Kim

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1 Citation (Scopus)


The microstructure and mechanical properties of 20MnCr5 low alloy steel fabricated using Laser-based powder bed fusion (PBF-LB) have been investigated. 20MnCr5 steel, which has been traditionally fabricated through forging followed by heat treatment has been successfully produced using PBF-LB by optimizing process parameters in the present study. The microstructure consisted of full martensite, exhibiting alternating tempered and non-tempered regions. The effect of laser power on the microstructure and mechanical properties was analyzed. The results showed that the 20MnCr5 steel’s microstructure, namely its pore distribution, melt pool size, martensite block, and lath sizes, and the volume of the tempered region varied by laser power. Each of these characteristics was positively correlated with laser power. This result was due to the difference in cooling rate according to laser power. These microstructural characteristics affected the steel’s mechanical properties. The yield strength (σ-y) of 1,054–1,096 MPa, ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of 1,126–1,208 MPa and fracture elongation (ε-f) of 10.7%–17.4%. Laser power was positively correlated with both yield strength and ultimate tensile strength, and negatively correlated with fracture elongation. This study showed that 20MnCr5 low alloy steel’s mechanical properties can be effectively controlled when producing it using PBF-LB and the optimal process parameters. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
JournalMetals and Materials International
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Creative Materials Discovery Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (grant number No. NRF-2019M3D1A1079215), and by HYUNDAI MOTOR GROUP.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s) under exclusive licence to The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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