Footings are often situated on ground that includes voids that were either undetected or had not formed at the time of construction. In this study, small-strain finite element analyses are conducted to investigate the influence of load inclination on the bearing capacity of surface spread footings on undrained homogeneous clay with single and double continuous voids. The numerical solutions are compared with existing theoretical and empirical predictions. The results are presented as failure envelopes expressed in terms of loads that are non-dimensionalised by the footing width and the undrained soil shear strength (these are known as bearing capacity factors) and loads that are normalized by the uniaxial ultimate load. If underground voids exist under the footing, the shape and the size of the failure envelope defining the undrained bearing capacity of the footing subjected to combined horizontal and vertical loading depends on the location, the geometry and the number of voids.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
- Computer Science Applications