The porosity of mesoporous SrTi 0.8 Nb 0.2 O 3 (STNO) was controlled by changing the surfactant concentration to investigate the porosity effect on the thermoelectric properties. Mesoporous structure typically induces a large decrease in the carrier mobility and a small increase in the carrier concentration owing to carrier scattering and oxygen vacancies. These changes in the carrier mobility and concentration induce a change in the thermoelectric properties by enhancing the Seebeck coefficient owing to an increase in the electrical resistivity and carrier filtering effect. Brij-S10 surfactant induces a carrier filtering effect in STNO, and so the Seebeck coefficient could be enhanced even with increasing carrier concentration. Because the Seebeck coefficient affects the power factor more strongly than the electrical resistivity does, incorporation of Brij-S10 surfactant into STNO films increases the power factor. The maximum value of the power factor, approximately 2.2 × 10 −4 W/mK 2 at 200 °C, was obtained at a Brij-S10 molar ratio of 0.075. From this result, we can expect the application of STNO as a thermoelectric material with an enhanced power factor through successful adoption of mesoporous structure.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films