Effect of obesity on total and free insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, and their relationship to IGF-binding protein (BP)-1, IGFBP-2, IGFBP-3, insulin, and growth hormone

S. Y. Nam, Eunjig Lee, K. R. Kim, B. S. Cha, Y. D. Song, Sungkil Lim, H. C. Lee, K. B. Huh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objectives: We investigated the effect of obesity on the serum levels of total and free IGF-1 and their relationship to the circulating levels of insulin and IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) in age and sex-matched groups. Subjects: The study included 43 obese subjects (ideal body weight; IBW > 120%) and 45 controls (IBW < 100%). All of the subjects were male. Measurement: Total IGF-1, free IGF-1, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, IGFBP-3, and insulin were measured in obese subjects and normal control subjects. Results: No significant differences in the circulating levels of total and IGFBP-3 were observed between the obese and control groups. In contrast to total IGF-1, free IGF-1 in obese subjects was significantly increased compared to normal controls (P < 0.05). Serum total and free IGF-1 were inversely correlated with age (r = -0.42, P = 0.001, and -0.44, P = 0.001). Fasting serum insulin concentrations were elevated in all the obese subjects (P < 0.05) and positively correlated with IBW (r = 0.57, P = 0.001). The levels of serum GH and IGFBP-1 were suppressed in all the obese subjects (P < 0.05). IGFBP-1 was inversely correlated with IBW (r = -0.51, P = 0.001) and serum insulin concentrations (r = -0.48, P = 0.001). The IGFBP-2 concentrations were also suppressed in obese subjects and inversely related to free IGF-1 (r = -0.48, P = 0.001). Using multiple linear regression analysis, total IGF-1 and insulin concentrations were positively correlated (r = 0.58, P = 0.001) and free IGF-1 and IGFBP-1 concentrations were negatively correlated (r = -0.57, P = 0.001). Conclusion: We confirmed that total IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 concentrations were not significantly different between the obese and control groups, despite GH hyposecretion in obesity. We also found that free IGF-1 concentrations were higher in obese subjects than in normal controls. It seems likely that overnutrition and chronic hyperinsulinaemia in obesity may alter this regulated growth response by insulin stimulation of IGF-1 production and suppression of hepatic IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-2 production, which may inhibit IGF-1 bioactivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-359
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jan 1

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Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2
Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 1
Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3
Somatomedins
Growth Hormone
Obesity
Insulin
Serum
Overnutrition
Ideal Body Weight
Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Proteins
Control Groups
Hyperinsulinism

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

@article{49c9b5b1b42b4ccbb68f495783f75930,
title = "Effect of obesity on total and free insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, and their relationship to IGF-binding protein (BP)-1, IGFBP-2, IGFBP-3, insulin, and growth hormone",
abstract = "Objectives: We investigated the effect of obesity on the serum levels of total and free IGF-1 and their relationship to the circulating levels of insulin and IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) in age and sex-matched groups. Subjects: The study included 43 obese subjects (ideal body weight; IBW > 120{\%}) and 45 controls (IBW < 100{\%}). All of the subjects were male. Measurement: Total IGF-1, free IGF-1, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, IGFBP-3, and insulin were measured in obese subjects and normal control subjects. Results: No significant differences in the circulating levels of total and IGFBP-3 were observed between the obese and control groups. In contrast to total IGF-1, free IGF-1 in obese subjects was significantly increased compared to normal controls (P < 0.05). Serum total and free IGF-1 were inversely correlated with age (r = -0.42, P = 0.001, and -0.44, P = 0.001). Fasting serum insulin concentrations were elevated in all the obese subjects (P < 0.05) and positively correlated with IBW (r = 0.57, P = 0.001). The levels of serum GH and IGFBP-1 were suppressed in all the obese subjects (P < 0.05). IGFBP-1 was inversely correlated with IBW (r = -0.51, P = 0.001) and serum insulin concentrations (r = -0.48, P = 0.001). The IGFBP-2 concentrations were also suppressed in obese subjects and inversely related to free IGF-1 (r = -0.48, P = 0.001). Using multiple linear regression analysis, total IGF-1 and insulin concentrations were positively correlated (r = 0.58, P = 0.001) and free IGF-1 and IGFBP-1 concentrations were negatively correlated (r = -0.57, P = 0.001). Conclusion: We confirmed that total IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 concentrations were not significantly different between the obese and control groups, despite GH hyposecretion in obesity. We also found that free IGF-1 concentrations were higher in obese subjects than in normal controls. It seems likely that overnutrition and chronic hyperinsulinaemia in obesity may alter this regulated growth response by insulin stimulation of IGF-1 production and suppression of hepatic IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-2 production, which may inhibit IGF-1 bioactivity.",
author = "Nam, {S. Y.} and Eunjig Lee and Kim, {K. R.} and Cha, {B. S.} and Song, {Y. D.} and Sungkil Lim and Lee, {H. C.} and Huh, {K. B.}",
year = "1997",
month = "1",
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doi = "10.1038/sj.ijo.0800412",
language = "English",
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Effect of obesity on total and free insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, and their relationship to IGF-binding protein (BP)-1, IGFBP-2, IGFBP-3, insulin, and growth hormone. / Nam, S. Y.; Lee, Eunjig; Kim, K. R.; Cha, B. S.; Song, Y. D.; Lim, Sungkil; Lee, H. C.; Huh, K. B.

In: International Journal of Obesity, Vol. 21, No. 5, 01.01.1997, p. 355-359.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of obesity on total and free insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, and their relationship to IGF-binding protein (BP)-1, IGFBP-2, IGFBP-3, insulin, and growth hormone

AU - Nam, S. Y.

AU - Lee, Eunjig

AU - Kim, K. R.

AU - Cha, B. S.

AU - Song, Y. D.

AU - Lim, Sungkil

AU - Lee, H. C.

AU - Huh, K. B.

PY - 1997/1/1

Y1 - 1997/1/1

N2 - Objectives: We investigated the effect of obesity on the serum levels of total and free IGF-1 and their relationship to the circulating levels of insulin and IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) in age and sex-matched groups. Subjects: The study included 43 obese subjects (ideal body weight; IBW > 120%) and 45 controls (IBW < 100%). All of the subjects were male. Measurement: Total IGF-1, free IGF-1, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, IGFBP-3, and insulin were measured in obese subjects and normal control subjects. Results: No significant differences in the circulating levels of total and IGFBP-3 were observed between the obese and control groups. In contrast to total IGF-1, free IGF-1 in obese subjects was significantly increased compared to normal controls (P < 0.05). Serum total and free IGF-1 were inversely correlated with age (r = -0.42, P = 0.001, and -0.44, P = 0.001). Fasting serum insulin concentrations were elevated in all the obese subjects (P < 0.05) and positively correlated with IBW (r = 0.57, P = 0.001). The levels of serum GH and IGFBP-1 were suppressed in all the obese subjects (P < 0.05). IGFBP-1 was inversely correlated with IBW (r = -0.51, P = 0.001) and serum insulin concentrations (r = -0.48, P = 0.001). The IGFBP-2 concentrations were also suppressed in obese subjects and inversely related to free IGF-1 (r = -0.48, P = 0.001). Using multiple linear regression analysis, total IGF-1 and insulin concentrations were positively correlated (r = 0.58, P = 0.001) and free IGF-1 and IGFBP-1 concentrations were negatively correlated (r = -0.57, P = 0.001). Conclusion: We confirmed that total IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 concentrations were not significantly different between the obese and control groups, despite GH hyposecretion in obesity. We also found that free IGF-1 concentrations were higher in obese subjects than in normal controls. It seems likely that overnutrition and chronic hyperinsulinaemia in obesity may alter this regulated growth response by insulin stimulation of IGF-1 production and suppression of hepatic IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-2 production, which may inhibit IGF-1 bioactivity.

AB - Objectives: We investigated the effect of obesity on the serum levels of total and free IGF-1 and their relationship to the circulating levels of insulin and IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) in age and sex-matched groups. Subjects: The study included 43 obese subjects (ideal body weight; IBW > 120%) and 45 controls (IBW < 100%). All of the subjects were male. Measurement: Total IGF-1, free IGF-1, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, IGFBP-3, and insulin were measured in obese subjects and normal control subjects. Results: No significant differences in the circulating levels of total and IGFBP-3 were observed between the obese and control groups. In contrast to total IGF-1, free IGF-1 in obese subjects was significantly increased compared to normal controls (P < 0.05). Serum total and free IGF-1 were inversely correlated with age (r = -0.42, P = 0.001, and -0.44, P = 0.001). Fasting serum insulin concentrations were elevated in all the obese subjects (P < 0.05) and positively correlated with IBW (r = 0.57, P = 0.001). The levels of serum GH and IGFBP-1 were suppressed in all the obese subjects (P < 0.05). IGFBP-1 was inversely correlated with IBW (r = -0.51, P = 0.001) and serum insulin concentrations (r = -0.48, P = 0.001). The IGFBP-2 concentrations were also suppressed in obese subjects and inversely related to free IGF-1 (r = -0.48, P = 0.001). Using multiple linear regression analysis, total IGF-1 and insulin concentrations were positively correlated (r = 0.58, P = 0.001) and free IGF-1 and IGFBP-1 concentrations were negatively correlated (r = -0.57, P = 0.001). Conclusion: We confirmed that total IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 concentrations were not significantly different between the obese and control groups, despite GH hyposecretion in obesity. We also found that free IGF-1 concentrations were higher in obese subjects than in normal controls. It seems likely that overnutrition and chronic hyperinsulinaemia in obesity may alter this regulated growth response by insulin stimulation of IGF-1 production and suppression of hepatic IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-2 production, which may inhibit IGF-1 bioactivity.

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