The effect of oligomer (Mn=400-500 g/mol) on dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC) employing polymer electrolytes consisting of poly(epichlorohydrin-co-ethylene oxide) (Epichlomer), LiI, 1-methyl-3-propylimidazolium iodide (MPII) and I2 is investigated. Five kinds of oligomer, poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG, Mn=400 and 1,000 g/mol), poly(ethylene glycol) dimethyl ether (PEGDME), poly(propylene glycol) (PPG) and poly(ethylene glycol) diglycidyl ether (PEGDGE), were introduced to elucidate the role of terminal groups and chain length. The coordinative interactions and structures of polymer electrolytes were characterized by FT-IR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The improved interfacial contact between the electrolytes and the electrodes by the oligomer addition was confirmed using a field-emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM). The electrolytes exhibited ionic conductivities on the order of 10-4 S/cm, but PEGDGE electrolyte showed much lower value (~10-8 S/cm). As a result, the energy conversion efficiency of DSSC was significantly affected by the oligomer. For example, the DSSC employing PEGDME with methyl terminal groups exhibited 3.95% at 100 mW/cm2, which is 200-fold higher than that employing PEGDGE.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MEST) (R01-2008-000-10112-0) and the Ministry of Knowledge Economy (MKE) and Korea Institute for Advancement in Technology (KIAT) through the Workforce Development Program in Strategic Technology. This work was also supported by New & Renewable Energy R&D program (2009T100100606) under the Ministry of Knowledge Economy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)