Electret filters are composed of permanently charged electret fibers and are widely used in applications requiring high collection efficiency and low-pressure drop. We tested electret filter media used in manufacturing cabin air filters by applying two different charging states to the test particles. These charging states were achieved by spray electrification through the atomization process and by bipolar ionization with an aerosol neutralizer, respectively. Polydisperse solid NaCl particles with 0.1%, and 1% solutions or liquid dicotyl sebacate (DOS) particles were generated from an atomizer, and they were loaded on the filter media. The amount of charge, the mean particle size, and the particle material significantly affected the collection performance of the electret filter media for submicron particles. The collection efficiency of the electret filter media degraded as more particles were loaded, and showed minimum efficiency at steady state. The electret filter media captured the highly charged particles more efficiently during the transient state. At steady state, the filter media loaded with smaller NaCl particles showed lower collection efficiency. The filter media loaded with liquid DOS particles showed collection efficiency much lower than those loaded with solid NaCl particles.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
- Atmospheric Science