Effect of perioperative sodium bicarbonate administration on renal function following cardiac surgery for infective endocarditis: A randomized, placebo-controlled trial

Jin Sun Cho, Sarah Soh, Jae Kwang Shim, Sanghwa Kang, Haegi Choi, Young Lan Kwak

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Patients with infective endocarditis (IE) have an elevated risk of renal dysfunction because of extensive systemic inflammation and use of nephrotoxic antibiotics. In this randomized, placebo-controlled trial, we investigated whether perioperative sodium bicarbonate administration could attenuate postoperative renal dysfunction in patients with IE undergoing cardiac surgery. Methods: Seventy patients randomly received sodium chloride (n = 35) or sodium bicarbonate (n = 35). Sodium bicarbonate was administered as a 0.5 mmol/kg loading dose for 1 h commencing with anesthetic induction, followed by a 0.15 mmol/kg/h infusion for 23 h. The primary outcome was peak serum creatinine (SCr) level during the first 48 h postoperatively. The incidence of acute kidney injury, SCr level, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and major morbidity endpoints were assessed postoperatively. Results: The peak SCr during the first 48 h postoperatively (bicarbonate vs. control: 1.01 (0.74, 1.37) mg/dl vs. 0.88 (0.76, 1.27) mg/dl, P = 0.474) and the incidence of acute kidney injury (bicarbonate vs. control: 29% vs. 23%, P = 0.584) were similar in both groups. The postoperative increase in SCr above baseline was greater in the bicarbonate group than in the control group on postoperative day 2 (0.21 (0.07, 0.33) mg/dl vs. 0.06 (0.00, 0.23) mg/dl, P = 0.028) and postoperative day 5 (0.23 (0.08, 0.36) mg/dl vs. 0.06 (0.00, 0.23) mg/dl, P = 0.017). Conclusions: Perioperative sodium bicarbonate administration had no favorable impact on postoperative renal function and outcomes in patients with IE undergoing cardiac surgery. Instead, it was associated with possibly harmful renal effects, illustrated by a greater increase in SCr postoperatively, compared to control. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01920126. Registered on 31 July 2013.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3
JournalCritical Care
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 5

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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