Effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) concentration on the viability and proliferation of alveolar bone cells: An in vitro study

Byung Ho Choi, S. J. Zhu, B. Y. Kim, J. Y. Huh, S. H. Lee, J. H. Jung

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Abstract

Previous studies have shown that a combination of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and autogenous bone graft can increase the rate of osteogenesis and enhance bone formation qualitatively. However, contradictory results were reported in a recent animal study. In order to clarify this inconsistency, this study examined the influence of the PRP concentrations on the viability and proliferation of alveolar bone cells in vitro. Bone cells obtained from the alveolar bone chips were exposed to various PRP concentrations. After a culture period of 7 days, cellular viability and proliferation were evaluated by counting the number of cells and a MTT assay. The results showed that the viability and proliferation of alveolar bone cells were suppressed by high PRP concentrations, but were stimulated by low PRP concentrations (1-5%). These in vitro results support the view that variations in the PRP concentrations might influence the bone formation within the PRP-treated bone grafts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)420-424
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Jun 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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