The polar anchoring strength and pretilt angle generation in nematic liquid crystals (NLCs), on three kinds of rubbed polyimide (PI) surfaces, were investigated. The pretilt angle generated in 4-n-pentyl-4′-cyanobiphenyl (5CB) is large compared with ZLI-4792 (a fluorinated mixture type NLC) for all rubbed PI surfaces. The high pretilt angle in 5CB is attributed to a much larger birefringence and much larger perpendicular component of permittivity. The polar anchoring energy of ZLI-4792 is high compared with 5CB on all rubbed PI surfaces for a weak rubbing strength. It is suggested that the high anchoring energy of ZLI-4792 may be attributed to the low NLC pretilt angle.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics