Effect of process variables on molecular weight and mechanical properties of water-based polyurethane dispersion

Jong Yoon Jang, Young Kuk Jhon, In Woo Cheong, Jung-Hyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Water-based polyurethane dispersions (PUD) were prepared by polyaddition reaction using poly (hexamethylene adipate) glycol (polyol 66), isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI), dimethylol propionic acid (DMPA), and 1,6-hexane diamine (HDA) as chain extender. Various formulations were designed to investigate the effects of process variables such as molar ratio of NCO to OH (NCO/OH), DMPA content, and neutralization degree on molecular weight and mechanical properties. Universal testing machine (UTM) was used for the mechanical properties of emulsion cast film of the PUD. The molecular weights were measured by gel permeation chromatography (GPC). Evolution of the weight average molecular weight (M̄w) and mechanical properties were significantly affected by the neutralization degree during the chain extension. It was found that the M̄w increased when the NCO/OH molar ratio increased, subsequently mechanical properties such as tensile strength and 100% modulus improved dramatically. However, the elongation decreased as the NCO/OH increased.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-143
Number of pages9
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume196
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jan 15

Fingerprint

Polyurethanes
molecular weight
Molecular weight
mechanical properties
propionic acid
Propionic acid
Mechanical properties
1,6-diaminohexane
Water
Dispersions
water
diisocyanates
gel chromatography
Glycols
Polyols
Gel permeation chromatography
diamines
Emulsions
Hexane
test equipment

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Water-based polyurethane dispersions (PUD) were prepared by polyaddition reaction using poly (hexamethylene adipate) glycol (polyol 66), isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI), dimethylol propionic acid (DMPA), and 1,6-hexane diamine (HDA) as chain extender. Various formulations were designed to investigate the effects of process variables such as molar ratio of NCO to OH (NCO/OH), DMPA content, and neutralization degree on molecular weight and mechanical properties. Universal testing machine (UTM) was used for the mechanical properties of emulsion cast film of the PUD. The molecular weights were measured by gel permeation chromatography (GPC). Evolution of the weight average molecular weight (M̄w) and mechanical properties were significantly affected by the neutralization degree during the chain extension. It was found that the M̄w increased when the NCO/OH molar ratio increased, subsequently mechanical properties such as tensile strength and 100{\%} modulus improved dramatically. However, the elongation decreased as the NCO/OH increased.",
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Effect of process variables on molecular weight and mechanical properties of water-based polyurethane dispersion. / Yoon Jang, Jong; Kuk Jhon, Young; Woo Cheong, In; Kim, Jung-Hyun.

In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Vol. 196, No. 2-3, 15.01.2002, p. 135-143.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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