The phase stability and electrical conductivity of a proton-conducting oxide, Ba(Zr0.84Y0.15Cu0.01)O 3-δ (BZYCu), sintered under various atmospheres was systematically investigated. The partial pressures of oxygen (PO2) and barium (PBa) were used as the tunable experimental parameters to control the surrounding atmosphere during sintering. According to the analysis, the potentially volatile species BaCO3, formed by the decomposition of BZYCu under a CO2-containing atmosphere at around 600 °C, was found to induce barium losses by evaporation. These barium losses, and the associated Y2O3 segregation, were the decisive factor in determining the phase stability and electrical conductivity of the resulting BZYCu; both of these properties deteriorated with barium evaporation. Maintaining the optimum balance of PO2 and PBa during sintering is crucial for minimizing Y2O3 segregation by kinetically suppressing the volatilization of barium.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Fusion Research Program for Green Technologies through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ( 2011-0019297 ) and partially funded by the institutional research program of KIST .
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology