In this study, the effect of CaO and BaO substitution on the viscosity and structure of CaO-BaO-SiO2-MgO-Al2O3 slags was investigated. The results showed that the viscosity increased with an increase in the BaO substitution concentration, which was correlated to an increase in the degree of polymerization (DOP) of the slag structural units as the activation energy increased from 207.9 to 263.8 kJ/mol for viscous flow. Deconvolution and area integration of the Raman spectrum of the slag revealed that the ratio of Q3/Q2 (Qi, i is the number of O0 in a [SiO4]-tetrahedral unit) increased and NBO/Si (nonbridging oxygen per unit silicon atom) decreased with higher BaO content. It was also observed from the 27Al magic angles pinning nuclear magnetic resonance (27Al MAS-NMR) spectrum that the relative proportion of AlIV increased, while that of AlV decreased because of the decrease in the percentage of nonbridging oxygen (O−), indicating the polymerization of the slag. O1s X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was also carried out to semi-quantitatively analyze the various types of oxygen anions present in the slag. The XPS results correlated well with the results obtained from the analysis of the Raman and 27Al MAS-NMR spectra of the slags and its viscous behavior.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
BK21PLUS Project in the Division of Eco-Humantronics Information Materials; Technology Innovation Program, Grant/ Award Number: 10063427; the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE, Korea)
This work was partially supported by the BK21PLUS Project in the Division of Eco-Humantronics Information Materials and supported by the Technology Innovation Program (No. 10063427) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE, Korea).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Materials Chemistry