Effect of substrate concentration on the competition between Clostridium and Lactobacillus during biohydrogen production

Jeong Hoon Park, Do Hyung Kim, Sang Hyoun Kim, Jeong Jun Yoon, Hee Deung Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


To evaluate the effect of substrate concentration on competition between hydrogen producing bacteria and lactic acid bacteria during hydrogen fermentation, a series of batch tests was conducted using galactose or glucose as a carbon source. Clostridium butyricum, Lactobacillus casei, and mixture of the two species were used for inoculum, respectively. The batch tests based on single species revealed that C. butyricum utilized galactose faster than L. casei, regardless of substrate concentration (0.2–5.7 g/L), while L. casei utilized glucose faster than C. butyricum at low levels of glucose (<1 g/L). These trends were also observed in the batch test based on a mixture of the two species. L. casei outcompeted C. butyricum only when glucose was provided at low concentration. Taken together, the results suggest that failure of biohydrogen production can occur at low glucose concentration via outcompeting of lactic acid bacteria over hydrogen producing bacteria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11460-11469
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jun 21

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was financially supported by the KU-KIST Graduate School Project and by the National Research Foundation of Korea ( NRF-2016R1D1A1B03935940 ). Additional research fund was supported by the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) and the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE) of the Republic of Korea (No. 20163010092150 ) and the Korea Institute of Industrial Technology (KITECH) , the Republic of Korea (No. PJC17430 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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