The effects of Si substrate orientation and surface treatment on the morphology and density of Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods were investigated. The size and density of ZnO nanorods were influenced by Si substrate orientation and surface preparation. ZnO nanorods synthesized on the ideally H-terminated Si(1 1 1) prepared with an NH4F solution resulted in the biggest size and the lowest density. It is suggested that the smoother surface of the Si substrate and lattice shape match with a larger atomic distance result in the increase of the ZnO seedlayer's grain size, which in turn enhances the size of ZnO nanorods grown on it. The optical properties of the ZnO nanorods were affected by their size and crystallinity. The smallest ZnO nanorods with a preferential c-axis orientation synthesized on the HF-treated Si(1 1 1) surface showed the highest intensity ratio of UV to visible emission, and the biggest ZnO nanorods synthesized on the N2-sparged NH4F-treated Si(1 1 1) surface showed the lowest intensity ratio of UV to visible emission. Therefore, it can be concluded that Si substrate orientation and surface preparation significantly affect the optical properties of ZnO nanorods.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by Grant no. R01-2006-000-10230-0 from the Basic Research Program of the Korea Science & Engineering Foundation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering