Effect of temperature dependent viscosity on the onset of Bénard-Marangoni ferroconvection

C. E. Nanjundappa, H. N. Prakash, I. S. Shivakumara, Jinho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The onset of coupled Bénard-Marangoni convection in a horizontal layer of ferrofluid with viscosity depending exponentially on temperature is investigated. The lower rigid and the upper free boundaries are assumed to be insulated to temperature perturbations and the free boundary atwhich the surface tension effects are accounted for is assumed to be non-deformable. The resulting eigenvalue problem is solved numerically using the Galerkin technique and also analytically by a regular perturbation technique with a wave number as a perturbation parameter. The analytical and numerically computed results are found to be in concurrence. The combined effect of magnetic number M1 and the viscosity parameter B is to reinforce together and to hasten the onset of Bénard- Marangoni ferroconvection compared to their presence in isolation. Nonetheless, the effect of increasing B also shows initially some stabilizing effect on the system depending on the strength of magnetic and buoyancy forces. In addition, the nonlinearity of fluid magnetization M3 is found to have no influence on the criterion for the onset of Bénard-Marangoni ferroconvection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume51
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

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Viscosity
viscosity
Perturbation techniques
Magnetic fluids
free boundaries
Buoyancy
perturbation
Surface tension
Magnetization
Marangoni convection
Temperature
Fluids
temperature
ferrofluids
buoyancy
isolation
interfacial tension
eigenvalues
nonlinearity
magnetization

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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abstract = "The onset of coupled B{\'e}nard-Marangoni convection in a horizontal layer of ferrofluid with viscosity depending exponentially on temperature is investigated. The lower rigid and the upper free boundaries are assumed to be insulated to temperature perturbations and the free boundary atwhich the surface tension effects are accounted for is assumed to be non-deformable. The resulting eigenvalue problem is solved numerically using the Galerkin technique and also analytically by a regular perturbation technique with a wave number as a perturbation parameter. The analytical and numerically computed results are found to be in concurrence. The combined effect of magnetic number M1 and the viscosity parameter B is to reinforce together and to hasten the onset of B{\'e}nard- Marangoni ferroconvection compared to their presence in isolation. Nonetheless, the effect of increasing B also shows initially some stabilizing effect on the system depending on the strength of magnetic and buoyancy forces. In addition, the nonlinearity of fluid magnetization M3 is found to have no influence on the criterion for the onset of B{\'e}nard-Marangoni ferroconvection.",
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Effect of temperature dependent viscosity on the onset of Bénard-Marangoni ferroconvection. / Nanjundappa, C. E.; Prakash, H. N.; Shivakumara, I. S.; Lee, Jinho.

In: International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 51, 01.01.2014, p. 25-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Prakash, H. N.

AU - Shivakumara, I. S.

AU - Lee, Jinho

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AB - The onset of coupled Bénard-Marangoni convection in a horizontal layer of ferrofluid with viscosity depending exponentially on temperature is investigated. The lower rigid and the upper free boundaries are assumed to be insulated to temperature perturbations and the free boundary atwhich the surface tension effects are accounted for is assumed to be non-deformable. The resulting eigenvalue problem is solved numerically using the Galerkin technique and also analytically by a regular perturbation technique with a wave number as a perturbation parameter. The analytical and numerically computed results are found to be in concurrence. The combined effect of magnetic number M1 and the viscosity parameter B is to reinforce together and to hasten the onset of Bénard- Marangoni ferroconvection compared to their presence in isolation. Nonetheless, the effect of increasing B also shows initially some stabilizing effect on the system depending on the strength of magnetic and buoyancy forces. In addition, the nonlinearity of fluid magnetization M3 is found to have no influence on the criterion for the onset of Bénard-Marangoni ferroconvection.

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