Effect of tetrapod ZnO whiskers on the physical and moisture barrier properties of transparent polyimide/TZnO-W composite films

Ki Ho Nam, Dowan Kim, Jongchul Seo, Kwangwon Seo, Haksoo Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tetrapod zinc oxide whiskers (TZnO-Ws) were successfully prepared by a thermal oxidation method and confirmed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD). A series of polyimide (PI)/TZnO-W composite films containing the as-prepared various TZnO-W contents were prepared and their physical properties were investigated to understand their potential use in flexible displays. The morphology, physical, and moisture barrier properties of the PI/TZnO-W composite films were interpreted as a function of the TZnO-W content. The PI/TZnO-W composite films exhibited an optical transparency greater than 80% at 550 nm (≤0.5 wt% TZnO-W content), a low coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), and enhanced glass transition temperature. However, the thermal decomposition temperature decreased as the TZnO-W content increased. Although the mechanical strength increased up to 0.3 wt% TZnO-W content, it decreased due to poor interfacial interaction with high TZnO-W loading. The water vapor transmission rate (WVTR) and water uptake of the composite films, which were strongly dependent upon their morphological and chemical structure, varied from 508.3 to 325.2 g/m2/day and 3.7 to 1.3 wt%, respectively, greatly decreased as the TZnO-W content increased. The water resistance capacity of PI was greatly enhanced and moisture diffusion in the pure PI was retarded by incorporating the TZnO-W.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1243-1252
Number of pages10
JournalMacromolecular Research
Volume22
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Composite films
Polyimides
Moisture
Flexible displays
Zinc Oxide
Water
Steam
Zinc oxide
Transparency
Water vapor
Strength of materials
Thermal expansion
Pyrolysis
Physical properties
X ray diffraction
Oxidation
Scanning electron microscopy
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Effect of tetrapod ZnO whiskers on the physical and moisture barrier properties of transparent polyimide/TZnO-W composite films",
abstract = "Tetrapod zinc oxide whiskers (TZnO-Ws) were successfully prepared by a thermal oxidation method and confirmed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD). A series of polyimide (PI)/TZnO-W composite films containing the as-prepared various TZnO-W contents were prepared and their physical properties were investigated to understand their potential use in flexible displays. The morphology, physical, and moisture barrier properties of the PI/TZnO-W composite films were interpreted as a function of the TZnO-W content. The PI/TZnO-W composite films exhibited an optical transparency greater than 80{\%} at 550 nm (≤0.5 wt{\%} TZnO-W content), a low coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), and enhanced glass transition temperature. However, the thermal decomposition temperature decreased as the TZnO-W content increased. Although the mechanical strength increased up to 0.3 wt{\%} TZnO-W content, it decreased due to poor interfacial interaction with high TZnO-W loading. The water vapor transmission rate (WVTR) and water uptake of the composite films, which were strongly dependent upon their morphological and chemical structure, varied from 508.3 to 325.2 g/m2/day and 3.7 to 1.3 wt{\%}, respectively, greatly decreased as the TZnO-W content increased. The water resistance capacity of PI was greatly enhanced and moisture diffusion in the pure PI was retarded by incorporating the TZnO-W.",
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Effect of tetrapod ZnO whiskers on the physical and moisture barrier properties of transparent polyimide/TZnO-W composite films. / Nam, Ki Ho; Kim, Dowan; Seo, Jongchul; Seo, Kwangwon; Han, Haksoo.

In: Macromolecular Research, Vol. 22, No. 12, 01.01.2014, p. 1243-1252.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of tetrapod ZnO whiskers on the physical and moisture barrier properties of transparent polyimide/TZnO-W composite films

AU - Nam, Ki Ho

AU - Kim, Dowan

AU - Seo, Jongchul

AU - Seo, Kwangwon

AU - Han, Haksoo

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AB - Tetrapod zinc oxide whiskers (TZnO-Ws) were successfully prepared by a thermal oxidation method and confirmed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD). A series of polyimide (PI)/TZnO-W composite films containing the as-prepared various TZnO-W contents were prepared and their physical properties were investigated to understand their potential use in flexible displays. The morphology, physical, and moisture barrier properties of the PI/TZnO-W composite films were interpreted as a function of the TZnO-W content. The PI/TZnO-W composite films exhibited an optical transparency greater than 80% at 550 nm (≤0.5 wt% TZnO-W content), a low coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), and enhanced glass transition temperature. However, the thermal decomposition temperature decreased as the TZnO-W content increased. Although the mechanical strength increased up to 0.3 wt% TZnO-W content, it decreased due to poor interfacial interaction with high TZnO-W loading. The water vapor transmission rate (WVTR) and water uptake of the composite films, which were strongly dependent upon their morphological and chemical structure, varied from 508.3 to 325.2 g/m2/day and 3.7 to 1.3 wt%, respectively, greatly decreased as the TZnO-W content increased. The water resistance capacity of PI was greatly enhanced and moisture diffusion in the pure PI was retarded by incorporating the TZnO-W.

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