Effect of the 252A>G polymorphism of the lymphotoxin-α gene on inflammatory markers of response to cigarette smoking in Korean healthy men

Yangsoo Jang, Soo Jeong Koh, Oh Yoen Kim, Byoung Keuk Kim, Donghoon Choi, Yae Jung Hyun, Hyae Jin Kim, Jey Sook Chae, Jong Ho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The systemic inflammatory response is heightened in smokers. We examined whether the established cardiovascular risk factor, smoking status, might interact with the lymphotoxin-α (LTA) gene 252A>G polymorphism in determining concentrations of TNF-α and eventually IL-6, adiponectin and CRP downstream in the inflammatory cascade. Methods: We measured anthropometric parameters, serum lipid profile, glucose, TNF-α, IL-6, CRP, adiponectin and urinary excretion of 8-epi PGF as well as a genotyping for 252A>G polymorphism of LTA in 480 healthy Korean men. Results: After adjustment for age, 208 smokers with an average consumption of 18 ± 1 cigarettes/d had higher concentrations of TNF-α, IL-6, CRP and urinary excretion of 8-epi PGF than nonsmokers (n = 272). Nonsmokers with G/G had higher TNF-α and 8-epi PGF concentrations than those with A/A or A/G. TNF-α concentrations were higher in smokers than nonsmokers of the same genotype. Smokers with G/G showed higher TNF-α concentration than those with A/A and had higher IL-6 and urinary 8-epi PGF concentrations than those with A/G or A/A. Furthermore, smokers carrying the G allele showed lower adiponectin concentrations than those with A/A. There are main effects of genotype and smoking, as well as the smoking-genotype interaction to TNF-α concentration. Conclusion: Our results suggest that the LTA 252A>G polymorphism may modulate the inflammatory effects and oxidative stress of smoking. The detrimental effect of smoking is most clearly seen in men with G/G, suggesting a genotype-specific interaction with smoking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-227
Number of pages7
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Feb 2


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

Cite this