Effect of the annealing temperature and ion-beam bombardment on the properties of solution-derived HfYGaO films as liquid crystal alignment layers

Hong Gyu Park, Yun Gun Lee, Sang Bok Jang, Ju Hwan Lee, Hae Chang Jeong, Dae Shik Seo, Byeong Yun Oh

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Hafnium yttrium gallium oxide (HfYGaO) films were applied to liquid crystal displays (LCDs) as liquid crystal (LC) alignment layers, replacing conventional polyimide (PI) layers. The HfYGaO alignment layers were prepared by fabricating solution-processed HfYGaO films, annealing them, and treating them with ion-beam (IB) irradiation. The authors studied the effects of annealing temperature and IB irradiation of the solution-derived HfYGaO films on the orientation of LC molecules. The LC molecules on the solution-derived HfYGaO films were homogeneously and uniformly aligned by IB irradiation, irrespective of the annealing temperature. Atomic force microscopy analyses revealed that the surface reformation of the HfYGaO films induced by IB irradiation strengthened the van der Waals force between the LC molecules and the HfYGaO films, leading to uniform LC alignment. Enhanced electro-optical characteristics were observed in the twisted-nematic (TN) LCDs based on IB-irradiated HfYGaO films compared with those of TN-LCDs based on PI layers, demonstrating the high application potential of the proposed solution-derived HfYGaO films as LC alignment layers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number061507
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Nov 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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