Effect of the carbon nanotube type on the thermoelectric properties of CNT/Nafion nanocomposites

Yongjoon Choi, Yuhee Kim, Sung Geun Park, Young Gon Kim, Bong June Sung, Sung Yeon Jang, Woochul Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of different carbon nanotube (CNT) types on the thermoelectric performance of CNT/polymer nanocomposites was studied. Three different kinds of CNTs, single- (SWCNTs), few- (FWCNTs) and multi-walled CNTs (MWCNTs), were effectively dispersed in an aqueous solution of Nafion. The electrical properties of the CNT/Nafion nanocomposites were primarily affected by the CNTs since the Nafion acts as an electrically non-conducting matrix, while the thermal conductivity of the nanocomposites was dominated by the Nafion mainly due to weak van der Waals interaction. In this way, electrical and thermal transport can be separated. In all three types of CNTs, both the electrical conductivity and Seebeck coefficient increased as the concentration of CNTs was increased. While the electrical conductivity depends on the type of CNT, the behavior of the Seebeck coefficient was relatively insensitive of the CNT type at high CNT loading. This indicates that high-energy-charges can participate in transport processes irrespective of the type of CNT. It is suggested that FWCNTs and MWCNTs are preferred over SWCNTs in CNT/Nafion nanocomposites for thermoelectric applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2120-2125
Number of pages6
JournalOrganic Electronics
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Dec

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Carbon nanotubes
Nanocomposites
nanocomposites
carbon nanotubes
Seebeck coefficient
Seebeck effect
perfluorosulfonic acid
Thermal conductivity
Polymers
Electric properties
electrical resistivity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Choi, Yongjoon ; Kim, Yuhee ; Park, Sung Geun ; Kim, Young Gon ; Sung, Bong June ; Jang, Sung Yeon ; Kim, Woochul. / Effect of the carbon nanotube type on the thermoelectric properties of CNT/Nafion nanocomposites. In: Organic Electronics. 2011 ; Vol. 12, No. 12. pp. 2120-2125.
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Effect of the carbon nanotube type on the thermoelectric properties of CNT/Nafion nanocomposites. / Choi, Yongjoon; Kim, Yuhee; Park, Sung Geun; Kim, Young Gon; Sung, Bong June; Jang, Sung Yeon; Kim, Woochul.

In: Organic Electronics, Vol. 12, No. 12, 12.2011, p. 2120-2125.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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