When designing a high-precision airborne radar altimeter, the approach of an analysis of the characteristics of radio signals reflected from a statistically rough sea surface based on its steady-state model becomes invalid. In the measurement of the sea surface profile, a characteristic of the reflection properties is the local backscattering pattern of the radar cross section, which depends on the time and the relative position of the low-altitude carrying vehicle from the surface. The effective width of the local backscattering pattern is determined by the statistical characteristics both of the small-scale roughness and the large-scale roughness of the surface. The location of the maximum value of the local backscattering pattern depends on the derivative of the large-scale roughness of the sea surface, i.e., the shifts in proportion to the slopes of the large-scale surface roughness. These effects must be considered when analyzing the measurement errors of a low-altitude radar altimeter.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering